"The Linguistic Interdependence Hypothesis and the language ...
The Linguistic Interdependence Hypothesis as developed by Cummins (1978) . be positively transferred during the process of second language (L2) acquisition.
Report of Current Research on the Effects of Second Language ...
language acquisition, learning content in a second language, grammar teaching . Cummins (1979) defines the “developmental interdependence hypothesis,” .
Interpreting Relationships between LI andL2 Reading ...
and the Linguistic Interdependence Hypotheses. ELIZABETH B . the core of the general enterprise of second language acquisition (SLA) Odlin. (1989 xi), for .
Ballard & Tighe - ESL Glossary
Acquisition-Learning Hypothesis; Additive Bilingualism; Affective Filter; AMAO . English Proficient (LEP); Linguistic Interdependence Hypothesis; Monitor Hypothesis . The process involves adding a second language, not replacing the first .
The Diversity Kit: An Introductory Resource for Social Change in ...
The interdependence hypothesis proposed by Cummins maintains that second language acquisition is influenced greatly by the degree to which the first .
ARE F IRST AND SECOND LANGUAGE ACQUISITION ...
acquisition, Language Transfer, and the Linguistic Interdependence Hypothesis) are . the formulation of hypotheses by the second language learner: .
The Linguistic Interdependence Hypothesis ... - Wiley Online Library
The Interdependence Hypothesis. The assumption of interdependence in first and second lan- guage development originates from research on the language .
Linguistic Interdependence and the Educational Development of ...
The “developmental interdependence” hypothesis proposes that the development of . Wong Fillmore, L. Individual differences in second language acquisition.
The Effect of Instruction in L1 on Receptive Acquisition of L2 for ...
tate acquisition of academic as well as linguistic skills in a second language (L2). Cummins's interdependence hypothesis contends that cognitive/academic .
TEACHER To TEACHER
tion regarding language acquisition to support teachers as they endeavor to create fluent, multilingual students. TEACHER To . Empirical evidence for the Interdependence Hypothesis . on reading tests in the first and second language when .
Cummins' Interdependence Hypothesis focuses on this concept, offering some . the two principal continua of second language development in a simple matrix.
The relationship between first and second language writing skills for ...
The relationship between first and second language writing skills for Iranian students in Sydney : an application of the interdependence hypothesis Add .
Tal Am: A Natural Approach to Hebrew Language Acquisition
The relationship between first and second language acquisition also suggests .  The linguistic interdependence hypothesis suggests that older learners, .
Beyond Adversarial Discourse - Language Policy Web Site
Feb 9, 1998 . Research Findings on Language Learning and Bilingual Education . Interdependence of First and Second Languages . acknowledge that I have advanced a "'developmental interdependence' hypothesis that states that the .
Preschool English Learners - Bilingualism: Theoretical Basis
The Interdependence Hypothesis (Cummins, 1981; 1984) explains that in the . language is more likely to contribute to the acquisition of a second language.
The Role of First Language Literacy and Second Language ...
Hypothesis. According to the Linguistic Interdependence Hypothesis, L1 literacy provides a good foundation for second language reading development.
Walqui: Second Language Learning and the Schooling of Immigrant ...
Cummins' (1981) interdependence hypothesis also refutes the assumption that maximum exposure to . The complex processes of second language acquisition .
George Washington University
TRED 257: SECOND LANGUAGE ACQUISITION. line decor . Cummin's hypothesis on interdependence of languages (1979, 1981)- "Iceberg Theory" .
Introduction to Second Language Acquisition
Variables Affecting Second Language Acquisition (Whole Group Brainstorm). Affective . Theories, continued. Interdependence Hypothesis (J. Cummins). Bilingual . Language Acquisition Hierarchy - Natural Order Hypothesis. (S. Krashen) .
Accelerating Second Language and Literacy Development
“Traditionally, the 'interdependence hypothesis' dominated research on the . is a crucial prerequisite for second-language acquisition is still widespread.
Strategy Intervention and Reading Proficiency by Stephen English
Finally with regard to the second language (L2) reader, it fails to explain whether . to a second language, whereas the 'linguistic interdependence hypothesis' . Learner Strategies in Language Learning, Hemel Hempstead: prentice-Hall.
Enhancing learning of children from diverse language backgrounds ...
tongue to schooling in a second language, their first language acquisition may be attenuated or even lost. Even more . Studies seem to confirm the threshold level hypothesis and the interdependence hypothesis, but existing research is .
BILINGUAL FIRST LANGAUGE ACQUISITION Fred Genesee, McGill ...
is generally referred to as bilingual first language acquisition (BFLA). . motivated by the unitary language system hypothesis according to which children . In the second stage, the child distinguishes two different lexicons, but applies . Interdependent development would result from systemic influence of one language on .
Foreign Language Students - Lagging Behind in English - Why ...
Jan 18, 2011 . Some foreign language students don't seem to learn as expected. . 'The Interdependence Hypothesis' was proposed over thirty years . Cummins' research is based on minority students trying to acquire a second language.
L2 Grammar Development: Linguistic Threshold Hypothesis
According to August (2006), in second language acquisition and bilingualism . The Linguistic Interdependence Hypothesis (LIH) claims that skills and subskills, .
Testing the Interdependence Hypothesis Among Native Adult ...
This study investigated the language interdependence hypothesis by testing . second-language acquisition (Stanovich, 1982; Tunmer, Herriman, & Nesdale, .
Their research supports the idea that second language acquisition is "the . Proficiency (CUP), and the Interdependence Hypothesis between L1 and L2 .
A cross-linguistic and bilingual evaluation of the interdependence ...
May 13, 2009 . These domain interdependence hypotheses clash against other theoretical . or dual-system theory of language acquisition (Pinker & Ullman, 2002; . and/or to children whose exposure to a second language began at a later .
Theory on bilingual education
theoretical foundation of bilingual education, second language acquisition and . Cummins developed the Interdependence Hypothesis to ensure better .
Linguistic Interdependence Hypothesis . academic achievement can occur in the second language. . acquisition, by using language for real communication; .
Learning English as a second language in South Korea ...
in juxtaposition with the principles of Second Language Acquisition theory (SLA) and . (1984) 'interdependence hypothesis' suggests that a learner's second .
FOREIGN LANGUAGE LEARNING AFFECTING MOTHER TONGUE
a foreign language facilitates mastering the higher forms of the native tongue. The . We argue in this study that the interdependence hypothesis . 4. bilingual first language acquisition (the child is exposed to two languages from birth; cf. De .
The Reading Achievement of Third Language versus Second ...
second language (L2) enhances a learner's acquisition of a subsequent . According to the interdependence hypothesis there is a positive and significant .
A Review of the Literature on Second Language Learning
I. The Effect of the Second Language (L2) on the First Language (L1) ..................... ....... 5 . (1999). Second Language Acquisition and the Critical Period Hypothesis. Mahwah, NJ: . “Interdependence Revisited: Mathematics. Achievement in .
First and second language learning in early bilingual education ...
bilingual lessons. First and second language acquisition: is it the same process? . The Developmental Interdependence hypothesis. This theory suggests that .